Natural gas is a hydrocarbon mixture of light gases of natural origin. It mainly contains methane, (CH4). It is formed when several layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure under the surface of the Earth for millions of years. The energy that plants initially obtain from the sun is stored in the gas. It is the cleanest source of energy for combustion engines.
Similar to the compressed air in a scuba tank, CNG is compressed to less than 1% of its volume at standard atmospheric pressure and stored in cylinders. CNG is a colorless, odorless, non-corrosive, non-combustible, non-toxic, gaseous mixture made up mostly of methane (CH4). CNG has a very narrow range of flammability. And because it is lighter than air, it quickly dissipates in the environment, leaving no residue and requiring no environmental cleanup.
Natural gas becomes a liquid after it is purified and cooled it to -162°C. In order to remain in liquid form, LNG must be stored in double-walled, vacuum-insulated pressure vessels. LNG is not stored under pressure, so it is not explosive in storage tanks or if released into the atmosphere. If LNG is spilled it turns to gas and quickly dissipates in the environment like CNG.
Both CNG and LNG have a better safety record than other common petroleum-based fuels like oil and propane, natural gas is colorless, odorless, non-corrosive, non-combustible, non-toxic, clean burning alternative fuel that is also inexpensive and abundant.
The Virtual Pipeline
The “virtual pipeline” is a clean energy infrastructure that connects industrial facilities, institutions, and municipalities to the natural gas pipeline through a network of pipeline terminals, trucks, and on-site decompression or regasification stations. It reaches where the pipelines can’t.
Why use natural gas?
Climate change is a threat to our well-being. Natural gas, which is produced by the decay of organic matter, is poised to play an important role in our national effort to reduce carbon emissions. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), natural gas emits almost: 30% less CO2 than oil, 45% less CO2 than coal, 93% nitrogen oxides (NOX) and virtually no sulfur dioxide (SO2).
The benefits of natural gas start with your bottom line. Switching to natural gas can save you up to 40% in energy costs versus alternatives such as oil and propane. Natural gas has 95%+ natural gas burner efficiency and no waste disposal costs, no routine maintenance, and limited to no annual downtime. As the cleanest-burning fossil fuel on the market, natural gas is a highly efficient energy source, which means you save money by using it. Delivered natural gas can save facilities 25% or more compared to most conventional fuels.
Can we use natural gas?
CH4 Systems will partner with you to assess if natural gas is suited for your enterprise. Our consulting service will analyze your specific fuel needs, industry requirements, and operational structure. We will develop a fully customized plan, with a rigorous audit of your energy supply needs. If natural gas is right for you, we’ll support your transition from start to finish. Natural gas is a very safe fuel source. It is nontoxic and because it is lighter than air, both CNG and LNG dissipate quickly in the environment in the event of a leak or spill. Natural gas also has a very narrow range of flammability, which significantly reduces the risk of fire.”